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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Magnolia.}                          FLOBA INDICA.                                     77
frnctum 3-5-pollicarem coalita, dorso rotundata, siccitate tuherculis parvis albidis
verruculosa.    Scmina 2-6.,
Nearly allied to Blume's M. glauca, but apparently quite distinct. "We have,
however, seen no specimen of the Javanese plant, and know the Khasia species
only in fruit, The origin of the specific name has been already given, under Talau-
ma Rabaniana, at p. 75.
4. MAGNOLIA, L.
JSepala 3. Petala 6-12. GyiwpJiorum sessile. Ovaria biovulata.
Carjpella coriacea, inter se libera, imbricato-spicata, dorso longitudina-
liter dehiscentia.—Arbores vel frutices, floribus termmali&us.
The terminal flowers, the more densely spiked carpels, and the definite ovules, in
general suffice to distinguish Magnolia from Mwhelia. There is, however, no broad
line of distinction between the two, some ARchelue, as we shall immediately see,
being as if were intermediate. Magnolia is the least tropical genus of the Order.
It is best known as an American genus, six species being described from the United
States. There are, however, several Japanese and Chinese species; and the Hima-
layan ones which we are about to describe appear normal members of the genus,
1.  M. Campbellii (H.f. et T.); foliis ovalibus vel ovatis utrinque
glaberrimis vel subtus albo-sericeis, floribus ante folia enatis maximis,
spathis dense fusco-pilosis, petalis 9-12, carpellis obtusis.—Magnolia,
Griffith! Itin. Notes, 152.
HAB. In sylvis densis Himalaya? orientalis exterioris, alt, 8-10,000
ped.; Sikkim! Bhotan!—(PL Aprili.) (v.v.)
Arlor excelsa, interdum 150-pedalis, trunco erecto, ramis tortis patentibus, cortice
pallido rugoso. Folia ovalia ovata vel oblonga, interdum anguste obovata, acute vel
abrupte breviter acuxm'nata, basi subcordata vel rotundata, interdum obliqua, 4-12
poll, longa, 2-6 lata, petiolo pollicari, tenuia, submembranacea, superne glaberrima,
secus neivos (in sicco) glauccscentia, subtus glaberrima vel secus cost-am et nervos
sericea, rarius tota superficie adpresse sericea, juniora dense tomentosa. Areola $ti-
pularis brevissima. Plores diametro 0-10-poUicar-es, pulcherrimi, suaveolentes, rosei
vel rarius albi; spatfw 2 vel plures, late ovatec, extus fusco-pilosee, exteriores ple-
rumque foliifera, intima flori adpressa. Sepala ct petala conformia, 12-15, late
ovalia, 3-5-pollicaria, 4-5 iuteriora minora. Car$ella in spicam cylindricam 6-8-
pollicarem approximata, ovalia, obtnsa. Semina 1-2, testa aurantiaca.
This superb species, which is so conspicuous a feature in the scenery of Sfldom,
will aptly record the services of Dr. Campbell, Resident at Dorjiling, in connection
with the rise and progress of that important, place, and also his many contributions
to our knowledge of the geography and productions of the Himalaya. It flowers in
the month of April, when quite leafless. The shape aud clothing of the leaves
varies more than is usual in the genus; on very young trees the leaves are quite
glabrous, and much more membranous than on the adult plant.
2.  M. globosa (H.f. et T.) j foliis membranaceis ovatis superne
glabris subtus prsesertim ad nervos fiisco-tomentosis, floribus cosetaneis,
petalis 6? carpeliis breviter apiculatis.
HAB. In Sikkim interior! temperato, alt. 9-10,000 ped.!—(FL Jun.)
(*.*.) '
Arlor 40-pedalis. RantuK adulti glabri, cortice tevi stramiueo, juuiores fusco-
tomentosi. Folia 5-9 poll, longa, 3-6 lata, petiolo 1-l^pollicari, ovata acuta vel
obtusiuscula, com mucronc brevi, superne nitida, subglabra, subtus pallida, glauce-